Publications

In Press
Jaume Freire-González and Mun S. Ho. In Press. “Carbon Taxes and the Double Dividend Hypothesis in a Dynamic CGE Framework.” Economic Systems Research.
Qing Yang, Tianyue Huang, Saige Wang, Jiashuo Li, Shaoqing Dai, Sebastian Wright, Yuxuan Wang, and Huaiwu Peng. In Press. “ A GIS-based high spatial resolution assessment of large-scale PV generation potential in China.” Applied Energy.
Jing Cao, Mun Sing Ho, Yating Li, Richard G. Newell, and William A. Pizer. In Press. “Chinese residential electricity consumption estimation and forecast using micro-data.” Resource and Energy Economics. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Based on econometric estimation using data from the Chinese Urban Household Survey, we develop a preferred forecast range of 85–143 percent growth in residential per capita electricity demand over 2009–2025. Our analysis suggests that per capita income growth drives a 43% increase, with the remainder due to an unexplained time trend. Roughly one-third of the income-driven demand comes from increases in the stock of specific major appliances, particularly AC units. The other two-thirds comes from non-specific sources of income-driven growth and is based on an estimated income elasticity that falls from 0.28 to 0.11 as income rises. While the stock of refrigerators is not projected to increase, we find that they contribute nearly 20 percent of household electricity demand. Alternative plausible time trend assumptions are responsible for the wide range of 85–143 percent. Meanwhile we estimate a price elasticity of demand of −0.7. These estimates point to carbon pricing and appliance efficiency policies that could substantially reduce demand.
Chenghe Guan. In Press. “Spatial distribution of high-rise buildings and its relationship to public transit development in Shanghai.” Transport Policy. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The relationship between dense urban development, often represented by high-rise buildings, and its location vis-à-vis metro stations reflects the connection between transportation infrastructure and land use intensity. Existing literature on high-rise buildings has focused either on developed countries or on cities where urban and public transit developments have occurred in an uncoordinated manner. This paper examines the following questions: What is the spatial proximity and spatial correlation between high-rise buildings and metro stations in different stages of development in various parts of the city? What were some of the factors that resulted in the observed patterns? The results suggest that buildings constructed after 2000 and buildings within the urban core/Shanghai Proper districts had a greater spatial proximity to the metro stations. However, the spatial correlation, measured by the number of high-rise buildings within a 500-meter buffer from the nearest metro stations and the time-distance to these stations, is stronger in the outer districts than in the urban core. These differences can be accounted for by Shanghai’s stages of urban development, the existence of metro infrastructure when high-rise development was undertaken, and the city’s land use policies. This case study sheds light on the relationship between high-density developments and metro systems in other large cities in China and other developing countries where rapid urban development coincides with the establishment of a comprehensive public transit system.

Submitted
Yan Zhang, Xin Bo, Yu Zhao, and Chris P. Nielsen. Submitted. “Benefits of current and future policies on emissions of China's coal-fired power sector indicated by continuous emission monitoring.” Environmental Pollution.
Meng Gao, Zirui Liu, Bo Zheng, Dongsheng Ji, Peter Sherman, Shaojie Song, Jinyuan Xin, Cheng Liu, Yuesi Wang, Qiang Zhang, Zifa Wang, Gregory R. Carmichael, and Michael B. McElroy. Submitted. “China's Clean Air Action has suppressed unfavorable influences of climate on wintertime PM2.5 concentrations in Beijing since 2002.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Wenhao Hu. Submitted. “Energy Consumption of Urban Households in China.” China Economic Review.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, Wenhao Hu, and Dale Jorgenson. Submitted. “Household Consumption in China.” China Economic Review.
Chenghe Guan and Ann Forsyth. Submitted. “The influence of urban form and socio-demographics on active transport: a 40 neighborhoods study in Chengdu, China.” Urban Studies.
Haikun Wang, Xi Lu, Yaoguang Sun, Chris P. Nielsen, Yu Deng, Ge Zhu, Maoliang Bu, Jun Bi, and Michael B. McElroy. Submitted. “Peaking China’s CO2 emissions 5-10 years before 2030: implication from diverse characteristics and growth of Chinese cities.” Nature Sustainability.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, Wenhao Hu, and Dale W. Jorgenson. Submitted. “Urban Household Consumption in China.” European Economic Review.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, Wenhao Hu, Dale W. Jorgenson, and Qiong Zhang. Submitted. “Welfare and Inequality Measures for China Based on Consumption.” International Economic Review.
Sumeeta Srinivasan, Chenghe Guan, and Chris P. Nielsen. Submitted. “Built environment, income and travel behavior: Changes in Chengdu 2005-2016.” Sustainable Transport.
Archana Dayalu, J. William Munger, Yuxuan Wang, Steven C. Wofsy, Yu Zhao, Thomas Nehrkorn, Chris P. Nielsen, Michael B. McElroy, and Rachel Y.-W. Chang. Submitted. “Carbon dioxide emissions in northern China based on atmospheric observations from 2005 to 2009.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, Dale W. Jorgenson, and Chris P. Nielsen. Submitted. “China’s Emissions Trading System and an ETS-Carbon Tax Hybrid.” Energy Economics. Appendix
Chenghe Guan and Peter G. Rowe. Submitted. “On China's Urban Block Community.” Journal of Urban Design.
Peter Sherman, Meng Gao, Shaojie Song, Patrick Ohiomoba, Alex Archibald, and Michael B. McElroy. Submitted. “The influence of dynamics and emissions changes on China’s wintertime haze.” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology.
Xueli Zhao, Rong Ma, Xiaofang Wu, Chenghe Guan, Chris P. Nielsen, and Bo Zhang. Submitted. “Linking Agricultural GHG Emissions to Global Trade Network.” Environmental Science & Technology.
Peter Sherman, Xinyu Chen, and Michael B. McElroy. Submitted. “Offshore wind: an opportunity for cost-competitive decarbonization of China’s energy economy.” Joule.
Jiajun Lv, Xinyu Chen, Michael B. McElroy, Chongqing Kang, Mark O’Malley, Qiuwei Wu, and Zhaohong Bie. Submitted. “The optimal investment of flexible heating sources for better integrating wind power in CHP intensive energy systems.” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.

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